Utilising Internal Knowledge Systems to Enlighten External Constructs

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"Kia kaha, kia tu tangata! Fa’amalosi! Sapare aude!" (Have courage to use your own understanding). To engage in the natural consequence of education in the social world, we rely on the guidance of the ‘other’. This self-incurred reliance is not because of a lack of understanding, but because of a lack of resolution and courage to utilise our own understanding and perceptions independent of external guidance. We are descendants of philosophers, navigators, speculators, traders, economists, healers, strategists and leaders. They learnt to adapt to the changing complexities, strengthening relationships within their environments. Have we forgotten that our ancestors lived in their worlds of education too? What strategies can we utilise today, to enhance our position in this world of education? This paper attempts to illuminate particular cultural conventions and unique internal knowledge systems that can enhance Māori and Samoa contributions to education.


Keywords: Internal Knowledge Systems, External Constructs, Natural Consequence, Education, Cultural Conventions
Stream: Identity and Belonging; the Politics of Diversity; Globalisation
Presentation Type: 30 minute Paper Presentation in English
Paper: Utilising Internal Knowledge Systems to Enlighten External Constructs


Fuapepe Rimoni

Lecturer, School of Primary and Secondary Teacher Education, Victoria University
Wellington, New Zealand

Currently teaching in the school of Primary and secondary Teacher Education here at Victoria Univeresity of Wellington New Zealand. I speacialise in the teaching of Social Studies in the primary sector (elementry). I also have key interest in Pacific Education looking particularly at the motivation to learn of Pacific Island learners within the New Zealand context. I work closely with the Pacific Island community especially with youth and young Samoan children which I try to help develop both their Samoa heritage and mentor to succeed in mainstream schooling.

Herewini Easton

Te Wanaga o Aotearoa
Te Awamutu, New Zealand


Ref: D08P0113