A Challenge to Diversity in the United States: Two Points of View on Immigration Reform

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The debate about immigration reform in the U.S. posses a huge challenge in one of the most diverse countries in the world. With a history of immigration that goes back to pre-historic times, the U.S. is currently confronting the most difficult challenge to its long-time tradition of welcoming immigrants. With an estimated of more than 12 million people (the size of the populations of countries like Belgium and Ecuador) living and working in the country illegally, two distinct points of view have emerged as solution to the problem: a) to discourage the illegal status quo of undocumented aliens (through attrition, deportation, penalization of employers, etc.); and b) an immigration reform that seeks to legalize the status of the undocumented workers and their families. The first point of view is heavily influenced by the legal tradition of the country (rule of law). The second point of view is heavily influenced by economic realities created by the U.S. labor market. This paper will explore these two points of view that were amply debated in the U.S. Congress and the media during the last two years.


Keywords: Immigration Reform, Diversity, United States
Stream: Immigration, Refugees
Presentation Type: 30 minute Paper Presentation in English
Paper: Challenge to Diversity in the United States, A


Dr. Max Montesino

Associate Professor, Division of Organizational Leadership and Supervision, Purdue University
Fort Wayne, Indiana, USA

Dr. Max U. Montesino is an Associate Professor with the Division of Organizational Leadership and Supervision at Indiana University-Purdue University Fort Wayne. He teaches undergraduate and graduate classes in the areas of human resource development, cross-cultural organizational behavior, and applied leadership. Max graduated from Western Michigan University with an Ed.D. concentration in human resource development in 1995, and a master of development administration (MDA) in 1991. He worked for several years as a management development consultant in Latin America. He conducts research in the area of cross-cultural organizational behavior, transfer of training and training evaluation. Max’s service endeavors range from local government and workforce development, to advocacy for immigrant communities in the United States. Dr. Montesino has published in several research outlets, such as Human Resource Development Quarterly (HRDQ), Human Resource Development International (HRDI), and the Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies (JLOS). He participates in many community organizations and initiatives in northeast Indiana.

Dr. Mitchell Sherr

Associate Professor, Division of Organizational Leadership and Supervision, Purdue University
Fort Wayne, Indiana, USA

Professor Sherr holds a J.D. from the University of Houston (1972). His research interests are: Labor and human resource issues, including EEO, union organizing, Fair Labor Standards Act, laws relating to seniors, supervisory training, and mediation. He has published in the Southern Law Journal, Annual Advances In Business Cases, Personnel Administration and others. Dr. Sherr has been an Attorney with the National Labor Relations Board ( Philadelphia Reg.)
Law firm in New York City, largest Management-Labor in US, Labor Attorney in Fort Wayne law firm Assoc., Fort Wayne City, legal advisor to police department and mayor Attorney for Indiana Legal Services, Attorney with Swinehart & Sherr
State certified mediator

Ref: D08P0126