School Violence in Diverse School Contexts in South Africa
School violence is becoming a serious world wide problem. South Africa is no exception, especially with its past apartheid legacy that promoted racial violence and cultural prejudice that led to a gross violation of human rights. The current incidents of school violence prompted this study which was conducted in 33 diverse schools in Gauteng, South Africa. The schools were diverse in terms of their location, size, socio-economic status, teacher and learner demographics and levels of functionality. A qualitative study that involved individual interviews, focus group discussions, document analysis and observations with a variety of stakeholders provided great insights on the prevalence of violence,the different ways in which it was manifested, its possible causes and more importantly several strategies to combat school violence. It is strongly argued that a community based approach comprising a multiple systems level approach be adopted to deal with school violence.
Keywords: School Violence, Diverse School Contexts, community Based Approach, Multiple Systems Levels of Intervention
Prof. Jace Pillay
Vice-Dean, Faculty of Education, University of Johannesburg