Emerging Ethical Dilemmas in Immigration: Implications for Spain and the USA
As the world’s population continues to scatter across continents and disperse among nations, the phenomenon of immigration has come to the forefront as one of the most critical issues facing the public sector today. In the past ten years, the countries of Spain and the United States have emerged as important countries of destination for immigrants. Both countries have witnessed an unprecedented influx of legal and illegal immigrants which have tested, and at times, strained public sector services. Further complicating the situation is the distrust with which entrenched populations view immigrants. This paper explores four ethical dilemmas which currently present significant challenges to Spain and the United States. These ethical dilemmas include: income taxation of illegal immigrants; military service as a means to citizenship; repatriation of immigrants to high risk environments; and immigrant profiling for purposes of risk management. Each of these issues will be examined as to their origins, and impact on the Spanish and American governments. It is hoped that by exploring these ethical issues, all countries of destination including Spain and the United States will be able to develop an effective and more ethical solution to the immigration challenge.
Keywords: Immigration, Ethics, Spain, United States
Dr. Patricia B. Strait
Professor and Program Chair, University of Richmond