Diversity in Military Organizations: Indigenous Peoples in the New Zealand Defence Force and the Canadian Forces

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This paper builds on a report entitled "Leadership in a Diverse Environment: Diversity Strategies in Military and Police Forces in Canada, Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States" (Scoppio, 2007, Canadian Defence Academy, Department of National Defence, Canada). The research for this paper was conducted during a visit to New Zealand (NZ), part of an exchange between the Canadian and NZ departments of defence, in October 2007. The objective of the exchange was twofold. On the one hand, the Canadian delegation wanted to learn about strategies and initiatives used to integrate Maori peoples and culture in the NZ Defence Force (NZDF). On the other hand, the NZDF members wanted to learn about Canadian Forces recruiting and outreach programs addressing Aboriginal populations in Canada, namely North American Indians, Inuit, and Métis. Despite the historical, national, and demographic differences between the NZ and Canadian context, the exchange provided the opportunity for sharing information, comparing strategies, and identifying best practices.


Keywords: Diversity, Military Organizations, Indigenous Populations, Aboriginal Peoples, Maori Peoples, First Nations, New Zealand, Canada
Stream: Learning, Education, Training
Presentation Type: 30 minute Paper Presentation in English
Paper: A paper has not yet been submitted.


Dr. Grazia Scoppio

Associate Professor, Canadian Defence Academy, Department of National Defence
Kingston, Ontario, Canada

Dr. Grazia Scoppio is the Senior Staff Officer Validation at the Canadian Defence Academy (CDA), Department of National Defence, and is cross-appointed at the Royal Military College as Associate Professor. She holds a Ph.D. from the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education of the University of Toronto (OISE/UT) where she was the recipient of various scholarships and awards. Her primary duties at the CDA involve leading the Validation Section team, part of the Directorate of Learning and Innovation. Her academic duties include teaching at the graduate and undergraduate level. Her multi-disciplinary research interests include: comparative education, programme evaluation, diversity in military organizations, multiculturalism, migration, and globalization. She has co-authored several technical reports to validate professional development programmes in the Canadian Forces. Her resesarch appears in the following publications: Unesco-Unevoc International Handbook of Technical and Vocational Education and Training; International Journal of Diversity in Organisations, Communities and Nations; Connections, Quarterly Journal of the Partnership for Peace Consortium; Current Issues in Comparative Education (CICE), Columbia University, USA; and Refuge, Centre for Refugee Studies, York University, Toronto. She has presented at several national and international conferences, including the International Conference of Diversity in Organizations, Communities and Nations; the Inter-University Seminar on Armed Forces and Society; the Canadian Society for the Study of Education; and the International Metropolis Conference. She is part of the executive of the Comparative and International Education Society of Canada.

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