Parallels and Contrasts between Cultural and Civic Competence: Preparing Teachers for the 21st Century

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The need for developing culturally as well as civically competent K-12 school teachers for an increasingly interdependent world demands comprehensive educational reform. Teacher educators in the United States continue to struggle with the implications of globalization on their methods of teaching national, cultural, and civic identity. How best to prepare teachers to embrace diversity and integrate a multicultural education approach in our pluralistic society is often debated. In this interactive workshop, we present the common goals we uncovered in preparing teachers to be both culturally competent and civically competent. We share successful teaching strategies and tested activities from years of involvement in teacher preparation programs and secondary classrooms where we designed and tested curricula in international and U.S. settings. Using a dialogical model (Freire, 1970) we discuss and compare strategies we have used and activities crafted specifically for developing cultural and civic competence (Banks, 2004; Diller & Moule, 2005; Gay, 2000, NWREL, 2005) while including reflective comments and evaluating their effectiveness in addressing a variety of domains. The following selected categories frame our discussion of the strategies: 1) exploring self-identity, 2) preparing for citizenship 3) developing other awareness, 4) examining overt and covert biases, 5) uncovering social injustice and educational inequity, and 6) dismantling concepts such as entitlement, white privilege and institutionalized racism. The results of our practices invite audience members to consider alternative approaches to pre-service teacher preparation.


Keywords: Multicultural Education, Cultural Competence, Civic Competence
Stream: Learning, Education, Training
Presentation Type: Workshop Presentation in English
Paper: Parallels and Contrasts between Cultural and Civic Competence


Dr. Jioanna Carjuzaa

Associate Professor of Multicultural Education, Department of Education, Montana State University
Bozeman, Montana, USA

Dr. Jioanna Carjuzaa holds a Ph.D. in Multicultural, Social and Bilingual Foundations of Education from the University of Colorado-Boulder. She recently left Oregon after five years in the Willamette Valley to return to Montana where she has joined the education faculty at MSU-Bozeman this fall as Associate Professor of Multicultural Education. She has over seventeen years teaching experience as a multicultural teacher educator, diversity trainer, and English for Academic Purposes (ESP-Business) instructor. She has taught at Linfield College in McMinnville, Oregon, at the University of Colorado, School of Education and The Economics Institute at Boulder, The University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, and at Rocky Mountain College in Billings. Multicultural education is her passion, professionally and personally. Jioanna’s research focuses on culturally responsive pedagogy and she has been promoting the Cradleboard Teaching Project Science through Native American Eyes multimedia program for several years. She will be serving as a citizen ambassador for the People to People Multicultural Education Delegation to South Africa this fall. This is her second People to People Ambassador’s Program; in 2004 she traveled to China on a very memorable adventure.

Micki Sue Abercrombie

Doctoral Student, Department of Education, Montana State University
Bozeman, MT, USA

Micki Abercrombie is pursuing a doctoral degree in curriculum and instruction at the Montana State University-Bozeman. She has several years teaching experience in secondary classrooms as a social studies, U.S. History, government, and civics education teacher. She has also taught multiple sections of Social Studies methods for undergraduate and graduate pre-service elementary and secondary teachers.

Ref: D08P0243