Consultation and Impact Assessment Dynamics for Indigenous Communities in Mindanao, Philippines

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Indigenous communities require different methods for consultation to build the consensus and climate needed to advance economic development. This is even more important for indigenous B’laan communities in Mindanao, Philippines, who live in a highland zone on the fringes of Muslim rebel groups and New Peoples Army Maoist guerrillas. This paper examines the role of contextualization in creating consultation methods to suit the local B’laan communities and engage key community members including the tribal chieftain and community elders. Consultation activities and a detailed social impact assessment were conducted to protect natural areas of cultural significance to the B’laan, better understand the system of land claims and ancestral domain. Complicating the consultation process were the role and overlapping requirements of various federal and local Philippine Government Institutions, as well as their interaction with local indigenous government structures. All of these factors make up the contextualization required to gain a social license to operate and go forward with a farm to market access road to bring economic benefits to this overwhelmingly, poor, marginalized and conflict affected area.

Keywords: Indigenous Peoples, Philippines, Economic Development
Stream: Nations, Nationalism, Communities
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: A paper has not yet been submitted.

Alex Riley

Project Manager, Mining Environmental Group, Klohn Crippen Berger
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Mr. Riley has over 7 years of work experience as a project manager and an economist spanning macroeconomic policy; economic and social feasibility studies; poverty impact analysis; monitoring and evaluation; agricultural economic policy; and trade finance. He has experience as the Project Manager of a $1.7 million Social and Environmental Assessment for a Guatemalan mining project conducted in accordance with International Finance Corporation (IFC) Performance Standards and World Bank guidelines. Mr. Riley also was the project manager for a socioeconomic impact assessment for a road improvement project in Mindanao, Philippines. He has experience advising the Prime Minister of Timor-Leste on macroeconomic and trade policy issues including the execution of the public sector budget and a bilateral free trade agreement. Mr. Riley conducted a social impact analysis for the regional feasibility study of proposed road/rail alternatives for the USAID funded West Bank- Gaza Connecter. He performed a number of socioeconomic impact assessments, as well as monitoring and evaluation assignments including a highway improvement project in Vietnam financed by the Asian Development Bank, a USAID supported irrigation and rural road project in Nepal and an economic baseline study of the Kandahar to Herat highway for USAID in Afghanistan. Mr. Riley also has experience as a loan officer specializing in export credit for small businesses and established sovereign credit ratings on behalf of the United States Government at the Export-Import Bank of the United States.

Ref: D08P0251