Diversity in the Top Management: A Comparative Analysis of the Faculties of Education in the Western Cape Universities
It has been ten years since the South African Department of Labor introduced the 1998 Employment Equity Act (ACT 55 of 1998). Section 6 of the Act prohibits all forms of discrimination against employees or job applicants based on characteristics such as race, gender, disability, color, etc. Among other things, the Act states that previously disadvantaged groups who are adequately qualified should be represented in all employment categories and levels of the workplace. The Act attempts to redress inequalities of the apartheid era whereby differences such as race and gender determined one’s place in the employment ladder. The purpose of this study is to investigate factors of inclusion-exclusion in the top management of the faculties of education within the four universities situated in the Western Cape Province during the period 2005- 2008. This period accommodates institutions that underwent a merger. The top management includes the deans, vice deans, heads of departments, program directors, faculty managers, and any other position that falls into this category. Constructs of race and gender will be lenses through which diversity in the top management will be examined. Bar and line graphs will demonstrate the degree to which the faculties comply with the Act. The method of data collection will be a questionnaire which will be sent to the deans of education, soliciting data about the top management from 2005-2008, including staff names and surnames, positions held, racial and gender distributions and qualifications. This study will have serious implications for policy on diversity in the higher education sector.
Keywords: Diversity, Race, Gender, Top Management
Dr. Zilungile Sosibo
Senior lecturer, Faculty of Education and Social Sciences, Cape Peninsula University of Technology (CPUT)