The Stream of the U.S. Social Welfare Reform: Focusing on Problems of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Program

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Historical events such as wars, economic crises, and political preferences have influenced the U.S. social welfare policy. In the stream of the U.S. welfare policy, the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) in 1966 set the course for a work-oriented welfare system. It established the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program, a federal block grant with the goal of promoting self-sufficiency among those members of the population receiving public assistance. TANF has been viewed differently by various political ideological groups such as neo-conservatives and neo-liberals. In order to analyze the effect TANF has on these ideologies, this paper explains the philosophical origins of the U.S. welfare policy. This paper also examines the political background and strategies of the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) program compared to the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC). Finally, this paper generates some discussion based on these procedures.


Keywords: The U.S. Welfare Policy, TANF, Political Ideologies
Stream: Identity and Belonging; the Politics of Diversity; Globalisation
Presentation Type: 30 minute Paper Presentation in English
Paper: Philosophical Origins of the U.S. Welfare Policy, The


Prof. Jinman Kyonne

Professor, The Department of Public Administration, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies
Seoul, South Korea

EDUCATION

Ph. D in Social Work (Aug. 2007), University of Missouri-Columbia, MO

M. A. in Social Work (May 2003) University of Missouri-Columbia, MO

M. A. in Public Administration (Aug. 2000)
Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul, Korea

B. A. in Public Administration (Aug. 1997)
Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul, Korea

TEACHING EXPERICE AND ACADEMCIC CAREER

Research Assistant, “Evaluation of Performance Based Contracting in Child Welfare,” Children’s Division, Missouri Department of Social Services (Dr. Colleen Galambos, PI), Sep. 2005 - May 2007

Teaching Assistant, “Social Statistics,”
School of Social Work, University of Missouri-Columbia,
Sep. 2005 - May 2006

Research Assistant, School of Social Work,
University of Missouri-Columbia, Aug. 2003 - May 2005

Intern, International Center, University of Missouri-Columbia,
May 2002 - July. 2002

Counselor, Group Work for International Students, Asian Affairs
Center,
University of Missouri-Columbia, June 2002 - July 2002

Instructor,
Courses Taught: “Organization Management,"
Hankuk University of Foreign Studies (HUFS), Seoul, Korea,
Sep. 2000 - Dec. 2000
“Introduction to Public Administration,”
Daeduk College, Taejon, Korea, March 2001 - June 2001
“Public Organizational Theory,”
Myongji College, Seoul, Korea, March 2001 - June 2001

Research Assistant, Graduate School of Public Administration,
College of Social Sciences, HUFS, Seoul, Korea
Sep. 1998 - Feb. 2000

Manager, A Korean Restaurant (Family Business),
Eumseong-gun, Chungcheongbuk-do, Korea, Dec. 1997 - July
1998

Child Care Worker, Shinaewon Foster Care,
Seoul, Korea, July 1996 - Feb. 1998

Elementary Teacher, Haengdang Civil Rights Movement,
Haengdang-dong (a Slum Area), Seoul, Korea,
March 1993 - Aug. 1993

PUBLICATIONS IN REFEREED JOURNALS

Kyonne, J. (2007). Teamwork as a remedy to prevent turnover amongst U.S. public
child welfare workers. International Journal of Continuing Social Work Education.

Kyonne, J., Yoon, D., Kelly, M., & Lauderdale, M. (2007). Gender and ethnicity
differences in perceptions of the work environment among US public protective service investigators. International Journal of Diversity in Organizations, Communities and Nations, 6(5), 101-106.

Kyonne, J. (2006). How can we improve international students’ cultural
adjustment in the U.S.A.? Perspectives on Social Work, 4(1), 10-14.

Kyonne, J., Kelly, M., & Yoon, D. (2006). Public child welfare employees’
perception of their work environment: are gender and race important factors? International Journal of Diversity in Organizations, Communities and Nations, 5(6), 133-139.

PROFESSIONAL PRESENTATIONS

Kyonne, J., Yoon, D., Kelly, M., & Lauderdale, M. (June, 2006). “Gender and
ethnicity differences in reaction to workplace dimensions by public child welfare workers: a replication,” 6th International Symposium on Diversity in Organizations, Communities and Nations, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Kelly, M., Yoon, D., & Kyonne, J. (January, 2006) “The continuing challenge: public child welfare caseworkers’ turnover,” 10th Annual Conference-Society for Social Work and Research, San Antonio, Texas.

Kyonne, J., Kelly, M., & Yoon, D. (December, 2005) “The supervisors role for job equity in terms of the employees’ gender and ethnicity,” 5th International Symposium on Diversity in Organizations, Communities and Nations, Melbourne, Australia.

Kyonne, J., Kelly, M., & Yoon, D. (October, 2005) “What workplace dimensions do public child welfare caseworkers feel differently in terms of gender and ethnicity?,” 34th Annual Alabama/Mississippi Social Work Education Conference, Tunica, Mississippi.

Kyonne, J. (April, 2005) “How can we reduce public child welfare caseworkers’ turnover and improve their retention in the state of Missouri?,” 4th Poster Day by Korean Students Association of the University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, Missouri.

Kyonne, J. (April, 2003) “The support system for international residents of MU through studying the case of Korean residents’ lives,” 2nd Poster Day by Korean Students Association of the University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, Missouri.

PUBLICATIONS IN PROGRESS

Kyonne, J. (In Progress). The stream of the U.S. social welfare reform. Social Welfare Policy.

Bang, E., Kyonne, J., & Muriuki, A. (In Progress). Child abuse among Asian Americans. Child Welfare.

TECHNICAL REPORTS

Kelly, M., Yoon, D., & Kyonne, J. (2005). State-wide project and report to the Children’s Division of the Missouri State Government (Title: Child Protective Services Supervision Project).

Kelly, M., & Kyonne, J. (2003). Research project and report to the International Center and Asian Affairs Center at the University of Missouri-Columbia (Title: International Residents’Lives at the University of Missouri-Columbia).

ACAMEMIC AWARD/SCHOLARSHIPS

The 3rd Place Award in the Category of Behavioral Sciences at the 23rd Annual Research and Creative Activities Forum, Graduate Professional Council, University of Missouri-Columbia, March 2006

Adeline Hoffman Scholarship, School of Social Work, College of Human Environmental Sciences, University of Missouri-Columbia, April 2002

Research Scholarship in the Child Protective Services (CPS) Supervision Project of the State of Missouri (Title: The Role Demonstration Model of CPS Supervision), Sep. 2005 - May 2007

Travel Awards, Graduate Professional Council, University of Missouri-Columbia, April 2006

Professional Presentation Scholarship, School of Social Work, University of
Missouri-Columbia, January 2006

RA Scholarship during Graduate Years (Ph. D.), School of Social Work, University of Missouri-Columbia, Aug. 2003 - May 2005

RA Scholarship during Graduate Years (Master), Department of Public Administration, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Sep. 1998 - Feb. 2000

Academic Achievement Scholarship (Undergraduate), Department of Public Administration, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Sep. 1993

EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES

Choir Member, Columbia Korean Baptist Church, Columbia, Missouri, March 2003 - Dec. 2006

Teacher, Secondary Students Division, Yeneung Presbyterian Church, Seoul, Korea, March 1996 - Feb. 1997

Chair, Youth Division, Yeneung Presbyterian Church, Seoul, Korea, March 1995 - Feb. 1996

Choir Member, Yeneung Presbyterian Church, Seoul, Korea, Sep. 1994 - Aug. 1995

Chair, Seodaemun Middle School Student Council, Seoul, Korea, March 1988 - Feb. 1989

Ref: D08P0326