Hui (Muslim) Identities and Subjectivity in North-West Yunnan: A Case Study of “Zang-Hui” Identity in Diqing Zang (Tibetan) Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan, China
This article focuses on the “Zang( Tibetan)-(Muslim) Hui” communities in Diqing Zang (Tibetan) Autonomous Prefecture and explores “Zang-Hui” identity based on the author’s fieldwork in 2007. It will analyze the features of “Zang-Hui” identity, represent the subjectivity of those involved, and challenge the notion that the origins of the Muslim Hui people are multi-cultural but Muslim Hui identity is singular. This research demonstrates that ethnic boundaries are blurring and fluid; social memories, collective imaginations and the subjectivity of the local people constitute the major factors of “Zang-Hui” identity, while cultural traits only serve as superficial evidence.
Keywords: “Zang (Tibetan)-(Muslim )Hui”, Identity, Intermarriage, Subjectivity
Dr. Zhihong Bai
Associate Professor, Research Center for Social and Economic Behaviors, Yunnan University of Finance and Economics