Poverty Reduction through the I/NGOS
In Nepal 80% of the total population belong to agricultural base. The Agricultural program focuses on poverty alleviation and improving food security, nutrition and environment improving. Across project many of International and National non governmental organization are talking of business development services (BDS) or value –chain approach. The BDS approach includes an emphasis in on building the capacity of supply chain enterprises to manufacture and distribute agricultural equipment and inputs that are suitable for smallholders, and establishing private sector markets. I/NGOS build the capacity of outputs. For example, micro irrigation equipment dealers train farmers to use irrigation system that they sell and also provide agriculture advice for system buyers. Many of I/NGOs approach also include providing technical assistance to early technology adopters to create demand for business services. These approaches also includes strong Public Private Partnership (PPP) with the governmental to ensure that public goods such as market information, infrastructure, research, policy, water source development, and other public services to improve sub sector performance are supplied. Export Market Focus Nepal is in unique position to rapidly increase agriculture incomes through development of high value commodities for export markets. Nepal has a comparative advantage in high –value commodities due to agro-climate conditions that allow for off –season/ low –cost production for vast South Asian Markets. Despite having identified this strategy more than 15th years ago. Nepal lags behind in integrating smallholder farmer for export opportunities. Nepal remains net importer that enable smallholder to take advantage of export opportunities across projects.
Keywords: Nepal, Agricultural Program, Poverty Alleviation
Mr. Hari Tiwari
Assistant Director, Monitoring and Evaluation Division, Social Welfare Council