The Cultural Barriers to Rehabilitation: Causes of Cultural Rehabilitation
Over the past few decades, Nepal has witnessed a demographic shift in her population structure. Home for 25 million people, the Himalayan Kingdom with a predominantly Hindu population has seen dramatic growth in the increase of elderly population in recent years. In the year 1952/54, it was only 5 percent of the total population, whereas in 2005, it reached 6.8%. Similarly the disabled comprise 10% of the total population. The Disabled are living in a very pathetic situation in Nepal, while the elderly are also eking out a life of loneliness and shunned by their younger peers. They are not given adequate food and cloth and other basic things. Their life is miserable from all other aspects.
Elderly citizens are traditionally revered in the Kingdom. In the patriarchal family structure in Nepal, the elderly males have greater influence on the younger generation. On the other hand, the females have limited roles in decision-making processes in the family. This social phenomenon occasionally contributes to forcing women to take refuse in the old-age homes and resort to coming to the street for begging. This also suggests that elderly females are more likely to face problems and live a life without proper care and security. The disabled population is mostly found residing in urban areas due to better livelihood prospects. Most young disabled generation in urban centers prefer to live independently away from their traditional homes in a small family. Traditionally and religiously most of the rural populations have a perception that the disease leprosy is the ‘bad eye of God’. Those afflicted with leprosy have to isolate themselves from the family and society. They must live a life of loneliness and fend for themselves.
Keywords: Nepal, Hindu, Culture, Tradition, Elderly
Mr. Hari Tiwari
Assistant Director, Monitoring and Evaluation Division, Social Welfare Council
-Approval of the programme activities, planning and budgeting, supervision, monitoring, by re-viewing a variety of records, especially in INGOs, NGOs sector.
-Coordinate activities for providing assistance from internal and external resources by coordinating with donor community and relevant government organization.
-Coordinate the activities for the distribution of support received in kind from the donor both from inside and outside the country.-To recommendation for Evaluation and Monitoring report to various level.Study the report and make comments or mettings with evaluation team and agency.To send and comment the repors. -To do the various investigation I/ngo and submit the report for management.
Section Officer, Youth Employment Programme, Ministry of Labour and Transportaation Management