A Study on Friendship and Social Interaction Patterns Among Multi-Ethnic Students in Secondary Schools in Malaysia

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The main objective of this study is to investigate friendship and social interaction patterns among multi-ethnic students in secondary schools in Malaysia. To accomplish this, a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods are employed. The instrument used is an adaptation of Santhiram's (1995) Friendship Pattern and 'Stephan's "Interethnic Attitude" questionnaires. The survey was conducted on 209 students of different forms, ethnic backgrounds, gender, type of class and primary education. Findings from this study indicate that students who study in multi-ethnic classes tend to have more varied friendship pattern and more frequent social interaction with students from other ethnic groups compared to students who are studying in non mixed classes. The proportion of students from the same ethnic group in a school tend to be more influential in determining their friendship and social interaction patterns, rather than the type of primary school they are from.


Keywords: Multi-Ethnic, Students, Malaysian Secondary Schools, Social Interaction, Friendship Patterns
Stream: Learning, Education, Training
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: A paper has not yet been submitted.


Dr. Najeemah Mohd Yusof

Senior Lecturer, Center Of Educational Studies, Universiti Sains Malaysia
Goorgetown, Penang, Malaysia

Dr. Najeemah Mohd Yusof is attached to the Center Of Educational Studies,
Universiti Sains Malaysia. She is a senior lecturer and is currently teaching sociology of education and preschool courses. She is also training student teachers.She has wide experience in teaching and had presented numerous papers pertaining to education in Malaysia. She had also done many reserach on multi-ethnic interaction among students in Malaysia

Ref: D08P0091